What is Voluntary Return?
Returning voluntarily is a possibility for migrants who are considering going back to their country of origin. For example, persons whose asylum application has been rejected in Germany, who have been granted a residence permit, or whose asylum procedure has not been concluded yet can return voluntarily. In 2016, more than 54,000 persons chose this option.
Voluntary return: Returning with dignity
- Unbiased and individual counselling
- Informed decision
- Migrant protection
- Organisational and financial assistance for the departure
- Sustainable reintegration support
Are you considering returning to your country of origin?
Return counselling and decision making: Contact a counselling centre and learn in confidential conversations what possibilities of support are available for you.
There are independent and governmental return counselling centres.
Welfare organisations, NGOs or other organisations offer independent counselling. Furthermore there are governmental counselling centres, for example in social welfare offices or immigration authorities. Find here a close by counselling centre. Different languages are offered in each counselling centre. It is possible to bring someone to the return counselling who is able to translate.
Return counselling is always voluntary and non-binding. It does not affect your ongoing asylum procedure.
Only after you commit to a voluntary return by e.g. applying for support through REAG/GARP, the Federal Office for Migration and Refugees (BAMF) requires you to withdraw your asylum application in case the asylum procedure has not been concluded yet.
If and what kind of financial support you can receive depends on various criteria, for example on your nationality and the point in time you decide for a voluntary return.
Within the framework of the REAG/GARP programme, travel costs for your voluntary return are covered and you can receive a small travel assistance. In addition to that, start-up cash is available depending on your nationality. For people from the West Balkans only travel costs are covered with the REAG/GARP programme, no additional travel assistance or start-up cash can be disbursed.
In addition to the REAG/GARP programme you have the possibility of receiving further financial support through StarthilfePlus in case you have one of the nationalities listed here and you decide to return voluntarily during your ongoing asylum procedure or within the period set for your departure. Until the end of July 2017, you can also receive StarthilfePlus within the framework of the transitional arrangement which also includes persons with a suspension forced return (“Duldung”) or subsequent asylum applications.
In some countries of origin there exist reintegration projects which can support your new start upon your return.
One example is the ERIN programme, which among other things can support you with education opportunities, finding an apartment or starting your own business. Find out what kind of reintegration assistance is available for you by entering your country of origin into the search bar.
Within the framework of the ZIRF-Counselling project, your return counselling centre can request specific information at the IOM in your country of origin.
This project allows you to research e.g. what medication is available or what costs should be expected when starting your own business. For some countries useful information is summarised in Country Fact Sheets.
Application and Preparation: Your return counselling centre files your application and assists you with the required documents as well as the concrete planning.
If you have decided for a voluntary return with REAG/GARP, your counselling centre completes the application forms for REAG/GARP with you and in case you are eligible, also for StarthilfePlus.
The applications are sent to IOM where they are checked. Please note that there is no legal entitlement to voluntary return assistance. Moreover, you can only receive the voluntary return support once. In the case of a re-entry to Germany that is not temporary all received benefits have to be paid back.
The return counselling centre also assists you with applying for the required documents.
In order to return voluntarily, you have to possess at least a valid passport or passport replacement papers as well as a border crossing certificate (“GÜB: Grenzübertrittsbescheinigung”) for the respective country of return. Some countries also allow their citizens the entry with an EU Laissez-Passer.
As soon as IOM sends the confirmation to your counselling centre, you can start your concrete planning.
IOM books the tickets for your return in accordance with you and the return counselling centre. Medical escort services can be organised as well. In some countries IOM can assist you with your onward journey or offer temporary accommodation. Please ask your return counselling centre for further information.
Find out if a reintegration programme is available for you. Apply for possible support with your counselling centre and prepare the implementation of your reintegration plans.
Submit e.g. an application for ERIN support with your return counselling centre in case it is available for your country of origin. Within the framework of the ZIRF-Counselling project, your counselling centre can obtain useful information on the labour market, housing situation or medical care in order to facilitate your reintegration after return.
Departure: You travel by plane or bus.
Usually you will travel by plane.
At the final meeting before your departure, your counselling centre provides you with the flight confirmation and if applicable a part your financial support.
Please take notice of the different luggage regulations which apply to the respective airlines.
The permitted number of luggage items or the weight limit can differ with respect to the airline and flight route.
In some cases a return journey by bus can be booked.
Under certain conditions return by car is also possible.
The new start in your country of origin: Make use of the possibilities.
Depending on where you are returning to, there might be arrival assistance available.
In some cases you can receive medical assistance, temporary accommodation or support with your onward journey.
If you partake in a reintegration programme, consult your respective contact person on site.
Start with your reintegration right away.
If you receive StarthilfePlus, you will obtain the second instalment six months after your return at IOM in your country of origin.
For this purpose, you have to come to the IOM office in person.